KOREANS

The Koreans are a defensively strong team with outstanding naval capabilities. On maps with water, the Koreans can decimate buildings on shoreline with their Turtle Ships. On land, they’ll struggle without many military unit or monastery upgrades but opponents will find conquering the Koreans no easy task. Their Castles and Towers shoot father and they have the technology for bombard towers. The War Wagon is a powerful and heavily armored but somewhat slow cavalry archer. They are effective support units and can last a long time in battle due to their durability.

The best way to use the Koreans is to mine for stone early in order to build strong defensive buildings. Build a navy of turtle ships to take down any enemy buildings near shoreline. If their is no water, build War wagons as they will last a while and always heal them. War Wagons are extremely expensive so you want to keep them alive. They are one of three civilizations with two unique units.

|--------------------------|---------------------------------------------------|
| Koreans                  | o Villagers +2 LOS                                |
|                          | o Stone Miners work 20% faster                    |
|                          | o Tower upgrades free (Bombard Tower requires     |
|                          |   Chemistry)                                      |
|                          | o Towers range +1 Castle AGe, +1 Imperial Age     |
|                          |                                                   |
|                          | Team Bonus: Mangonels, Onagers +1 range           |
|                          | Unique units: War Wagon; Turtle Ship              |
|                          | Unique tech: Shinkichon                           |
|--------------------------|---------------------------------------------------|

Unique Unit: War Wagon & Turtle Ships

The War Wagon was a heavy wagon given protective sides with firing slits and heavy firepower from either a cannon or a force of hand-gunners and crossbowmen, supported by infantry using pikes and flails. Groups of war wagons were used to trample their opponents and even a peasant force were able to stave off the Roman Empire and their heavy armored knights.

The Turtle Ships were heavily armored warships deployed by the Koreans. They shot cannonballs from the side and arrows simply bounced off the hard protective shell on top.

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The Koreans (314 – 1598)

When Europe fell into its Dark Age, Korea had been divided into three competing kingdoms: Koguryo to the north, Paekche to the southwest, and Shilla to the southeast. In alliance with China, Shilla conquered the other two kingdoms in the 7th century and then expelled their erstwhile Chinese ally. The central authority of Shilla disintegrated in the 8th-9th centuries, however, under pressure from local lords. Korea was unified once again as Koryo in the 10th century and after that, recovered territory reaching up to the Amnok River border with China in 993. The civilian nobility was thrown out of power by a military coup in 1170 and military rule then lasted for sixty years.

The Mongols invaded in 1231, initiating a 30-year struggle. The Mongols were often distracted by their wars in China and elsewhere but eventually brought enough power to bear that Koryo made peace with the invaders in 1258. Under the Mongols the Koryo maintained their distinct culture and were inspired to demonstrate their superiority to their conquerors through a burst of artistic accomplishment.

Land reform, the rise of a new bureaucracy, the diminishment of Buddhism, and the rise of Confucianism around 1400 were part of the creation of a new kingdom, the Choson, that would rule Korea until the 20th century. China heavily influenced the Choson politically and culturally. Korea became an important center of learning, aided by the invention of movable type and the woodblock technique of publishing around 1234.

The greatest test of the Choson dynasty was invasion by samurai armies from Japan in 1592 that ostensibly planned to conquer China. Although seven years of fighting left much of the Korean peninsula devastated, the Japanese were forced to withdraw because their fleets could not keep open sea lines of supply and reinforcement back to Japan. The great Korean admiral Yi Sun-Shin defeated the Japanese at sea. One key to the Korean naval victories was their innovative turtle ships, the first cannon-bearing armored ships in history. The Japanese had no answer for these slow but powerful weapons.

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